Waldorf Education » Kindergarten


Because the Kindergarten child lives so deeply in the environment around him and imitates all they see, the teacher strives to create an environment that mirrors back to the child the Good and the Beautiful. The teacher cultivates a reverence for nature and for caring relationships and good habits, laying a solid foundation for lifelong learning.

Within the framework of Waldorf-methods Education, the Kindergarten is structured to provide a gradual transition from the life of the home to the life of the elementary classroom. It is based upon the simple, yet profound concepts of imitation, repetition, and creative play.

The Kindergarten child at JRCS will gradually become accustomed to working within a group, listening to stories, interacting with the teacher, and following a daily routine, while at the same time being aided in their development as an individual through the encouragement of creative play, healthy movement indoors and out, practical life skills, and many artistic opportunities. All of these activities are carefully developed and guided by the teacher, who deeply understands the young child and their immersion in the world of movement, as well as the child’s devotion to learning about the world through imitating everything they experience.


“In the early formative years, play is almost synonymous with life. It is second only to being nourished, protected and loved. It is a basic ingredient of physical intellectual, social and emotional growth.”

– Ashley Montague

Here are some of the core activities of the Waldorf-methods Kindergarten and the significance of each in relationship to lifelong learning:

Creative Play Time
The children are encouraged to imagine and play with a wide variety of adaptive toys and natural materials following their own initiative. During this period, the teacher is involved with preparing the snack, sewing or any number of practical activities with which the children are welcome to help. An atmosphere of work and play permeates the room.

{ The ability to play creatively and use one’s imagination as a child becomes, in the elementary years, the ability to think abstractly, i.e. solving complicated math problems. Also, extended focus on the task or play at hand and the ability to create and follow an activity through to completion are extremely important in the later schooling, and through life. }

Circle Time
The class is brought together to recite verse, sing songs, and play developmental games with the teacher. These are often connected with the season, a particular fairy tale or are just part of the general lore of childhood.

{ Repeating and remembering verses and song sets lay a strong foundation for the more intense memory work to come in the grades. Repetition is also known to be an important foundation for healthy brain development. In circle, we begin our oral approach to teaching reading and literacy, and we provide opportunity for healthy movement, spatial and body awareness, and social interaction. }

 Artistic Activity
Wet-on-wet watercolor painting, beeswax modeling, crayon drawing, as well as forms of handwork such as finger knitting, sewing, and wood working, are done as a group activity, although each child is absorbed in his or her own work. High quality materials are used for these activities.

{ These activities encourage the child’s natural sense of beauty, color, and form, as well as laying the groundwork for the artistic techniques that will be required for all grade subjects to come. They also aid significantly in the development of fine motor skills. }

The daily Kindergarten routine introduces skills in mathematics in manifold ways, including counting and sorting, measuring, one to one correspondences in table setting etc., ordering from smallest to larger, finger plays, counting the children in the class, using number verses, sequential repetitive songs, jump rope verses, clapping games, etc.

Music is woven throughout the day and is often used for transitioning from one activity to the next. Often, the teacher and children use simple instruments, such as chimes, harps, and wooden flutes.

{ Music lays the foundation for future math and engineering skills, as well as the in-depth music curriculum to follow in the grades. }

Snack Time
Children help with all aspects of this shared mealtime, from preparing the food and ironing napkins, to cleaning the dishes and tables.

{ An emphasis on gratitude for the food and on table manners sets the stage for lifelong social skills. }

Outdoor Play
Similar to indoor creative play, the group is taken outdoors to experience the natural world in all of its different seasons. You will find the kindergarten outside in all but the most formidable weather.

{ A child who has the experience of the yearly seasons can enter very deeply and comfortably into the later studies of plants and animals, the weather, geology, astronomy, and other natural sciences. Also, the opportunity for healthy movement offered in the outdoor setting is crucial to the healthy development of the young child. }

Story Time
The children are gathered together to hear the teacher tell a special story. It may be a fairy or folk tale from around the world, a nature tale, or a puppet show. Stories are worked with over a long period of time so that the children may learn them well, and later act them out. In many cases, six-year-old children are allowed to assist the teacher with the puppet shows.

{ The ability to listen to an adult for a sustained period of time is a skill that is gradually developed. The content of the stories also affords an opportunity for the children to experience human language in very pure and beautiful form. In story time, the language and reading skills of vocabulary and comprehension are strengthened. }

This is a foundational piece to science and an ecological education. The children develop a connection to the earth and the seasons as they observe all of the changes in the garden and the weather. They help to prepare the ground, plant the seeds and help with caring for the plants. They learn to know which plants are ready to harvest, and how to help prepare the food.

In addition to the daily activities described above, there is an ongoing celebration of the seasons. The mood of the season permeates all that we do in the Kindergarten. Annual celebrations and festivals become highlights of the year, for the Kindergarten and entire school community.

Directed academic activities are not emphasized in the Waldorf-methods Kindergarten, for the emphasis lies on the foundation skills and experiences mentioned above.